An Insight into the Instructional Practices of Girls’ Single Teacher Schools

In rural areas of Pakistan, enrollment in schools remains low due to low population, therefore, students in most of the school from Zero to 5th class sit together in either one room or two and are taught by a single teacher. Teacher training institutes provide training of mono-grade teaching strategies. Teachers trained in mono-grade teaching practices, after qualifying Government job are posted in multi-grade setup of rural areas. They start learning on how to frame instructional practices of mono grade teaching to apply in multi grade set up.

Mona Rafiq,Nasser Ud Din

Exploration of Constructive Learning through Science
Curriculum at Primary Level


Constructivist education embodies the ideals of cognitive conflict and resolution through intervention. Science is the study of physical environment through observation and personal experience. Our national educational policies have many times reiterated the importance and promotion of the scientific and technological education. The aim of this
research was to explore grade 5 science curriculum of private schools in Abbottabad and highlight constructive elements of impact, elicitation, intervention, reformulation, and reflection listed by Ross, Lakin and McKechnie (2010). The elements were searched in the four major components of the curriculum namely: objectives, contents, methodology and evaluation.

Alia Aslam,Tahira Bibi,Abstract

Fostering Interaction between Project Students and
Supervisors in Distance Learning Mode


In distance learning, students and teachers are separated by time and space due to which they suffer problems with interaction. The students, particularly, who are employed face problems with interactions mostly. They had trouble communicating with the research supervisors due to their professional commitments. To address this issue with research projects students; Department of Psychology at Virtual University of Pakistan intervened and offered special interactive activities i.e., Adobe sessions and Skype calls for project students.

Hussnain Mustafa Khalid,Najma Najam

University Teachers’ Relationship with Students for
Effective Classroom Environment


Quality in university education is a broad concept which covers all the related functions and events that form part of the educational life in a university system. The persistence of this study was to determine the university teachers’ relationship with students for developing effective classroom environment with respect to four categories of classroom
process, differential behavior, relationship quality and attention. Higher education students were the population of this study, whereas the target population consisted of university students enrolled in BS and Master’s programs of Business Administration, Economics and Computer Science. Program wise target population for four universities was identified as 10420 students. Purposive sampling technique was applied to select the final semester students of three departments.

M. Imran Yousuf,Ammara Ajaib